Early India Units of Measurement – 4th – 1st Century B.C.


Units of measurement according to the Kauilya’s Arthasastra.  Arthashastra is the masterwork of India‘s greatest statesman-philosopher, Kautilya.

Composed in the late fourth century BCE, Arthashastra ranks alongside Sun Tzu‘s Art of War and Thucydides‘ History of the Peloponnesian War as one of the timeless classics of the ancient arts of war and governance. Like Art of War, the origins of Arthashastra are somewhat shrouded in mystery. It was lost sometime after the fall of the Gupta dynasty (ca. 550 CE), reappearing in 1904 after more than 1400 years of obscurity.